Arteries (are-te-rease): The blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood away from your heart for delivery to every part of your body. Arteries look like thin tubes or hoses. The walls are made of a tough outer layer, a middle layer of muscle and a smooth inner wall that helps blood flow easily. The muscle layer expands and contracts to help blood move.

Many people chew gum as a way to stifle cravings or prevent mindless eating but this tactic may have an unfortunate side effect: belly bloat. Everyone naturally swallows a small amount of air when they chew but it’s magnified for people who chew gum, which causes gas and bloating. In addition, some artificial sweeteners have been shown to increase your appetite for junk food, so gum could be increasing your waistline on two fronts.

If you want to lose belly fat fast, you also need to avoid certain food groups and specific foods as well. It is also important to learn how to cook delicious meals that can specifically help you lose belly fat. You can even accelerate your fat loss by doing certain types of exercises. Unfortunately I cannot cover all this information in one post but you can find all this information in my e-book Blast Your Belly Fat.


It is both unsafe and difficult to lose a large amount of weight in one week, however, by starting an exercise program and dieting, you can safely lose several pounds in a week. Unfortunately, you cannot target the fat loss to one specific area like your stomach. Even if you do nothing but abdominal exercises, you will tend to lose fat evenly over your whole body. Although doing abdominal exercises may help improve the appearance of the muscles in your abs, you won't be able to see them if they are still covered in fat.
Keep a food diary. Write down everything you eat and drink to keep track of how many calories you're taking in and figure out what bad habits you need to correct. You'll be much less likely to go overboard if you know you have to write it down. You can also use a food tracking app if you prefer, which may make the process a bit easier since most apps calculate the nutrition values for you.
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"Most women don't want to talk about it, but you really have to set aside a specific time each day to use the bathroom," notes Judith Reichman, M.D., a professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the University of California, Los Angeles. "If you don't, it's too easy to give into feeling rushed, and ignore the urge to go." Once you've trained your brain to dismiss your body's signals, you set the stage for bloat-inducing constipation.
Getting rid of your belly bulge is important for more than just vanity's sake. Excess abdominal fat—particularly visceral fat, the kind that surrounds your organs and puffs your stomach into a "beer gut"—is a predictor of heart disease, type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance, and some cancers. If diet and exercise haven't done much to reduce your pooch, then your hormones, your age, and other genetic factors may be the reason why. Read on for 11 possible reasons why your belly fat won't budge.

Row with intensity training. On the rowing machine, row steadily for 20 seconds, and then rest for 10. As you rest, stay on the machine with your legs and arms in place. On the next 20 seconds, try to beat your last 20 seconds. Keep going for 8 rounds of 20 seconds of rowing and 10 seconds of rest. With each round, work on beating your last distance. Finish up by rowing for 500 meters.[7]


Exercising on a regular basis can help you burn calories, lose weight as well as that nagging bit of belly fat. But, it seems doing this exercise can reward you with a number of benefits. Fitness experts say that push-ups are great for toning shoulders, arms, back and core, giving you a great body shape. So, don’t avoid push-ups because avoid it is difficult to do.
Water is great for health, but it’s even better when you are trying to lose weight and flatten your stomach. This is because when you drink enough water, you are actually helping your system to maintain proper water balance which helps in reducing water retention, a major cause of bloated bellies. Water also makes us feel full and reduces overeating.
Standing tall with feet hip-width apart, hold a medicine ball with both hands. Reach both arms overhead, fully extending your body and standing tall. Slam the ball forward and down toward the ground, hinging over as you do. Extend your arms toward the ground as you slam and don’t be afraid to bend your knees as you hinge over. Squat to pick the ball up and stand up.
Some of us no longer have the strong joints we had as teenagers. Jogging is out of the question and walking doesn’t cut it. The good news is elliptical trainers provide an intense, low impact cardio workout. In fact, a 145-lb. person can burn about 300 calories in 30 minutes on an elliptical trainer. That’s about as many calories as running burns, but without the joint wear-and-tear.
Add a cup of low-fat milk, a part-skim mozzarella stick, or a half cup of low-sodium cottage cheese to breakfast, and you may have a belly-busting win. While lots of research links calcium with lower body weights, results from a 2014 study suggest that calcium-containing foods may reduce waist circumference in those genetically predisposed to carrying weight in their midsection.
2. Decline Bench Sit Up Ceiling Touches: This great exercise works on your shoulder, abs and lower back. Sit on the bench with the weight on your lap. As you move backwards, lock your arms and raise the weight above your body. Touch your back to the bench and use your abs to sit up. As you sit up you should keep your arms and weight pointed to the ceiling.
When Tufts University researchers studied the waistlines and diets of 459 people, they found that even in men of similar age and activity level, those who ate white bread frequently weighed more than those who didn’t. “The calories from white bread and refined grains just seem to settle at the waistline more than calories from other foods,” says Katherine Tucker, Ph.D., the study author.
Putting these two calculations together can help determine if you are unhealthy. For example, a man with a waist that is 37 inches, and hips 42 inches will have a WHR of 0.88, so may, possibly, be healthier than somebody with the same sized stomach but naturally smaller hips. Remember, waist circumference predicts early death – it’s not just about looking good!
When following a diet to lose lower belly fat, eliminating as much sugar as possible from your diet can yield incredible results. This can start with simply not drinking sugar sodas and juices, and you can make additional dietary changes from there. Some foods that you may not think have sugar, such as spaghetti sauce and ketchup, actually have a significant amount of sugar.

Stopping production from time to time is standard practice in closely integrated mass-production using just-in-time. It's done to synchronise output with demand and other variables. The car industry worldwide is changing mainly because of resistance in the diesel market and changes to other fuels.No doubt the ignorant remainers will wish to ascribe ulterior motives to it as part of the ongoing project fear campaign. Don't fall for their ill-informed rhetoric.


This is a good book with a lot of great information. As a Naturopathic physician to say that this will work for everyone... I am am not sure. It is great place to start and a great place to go if you are at a plateau. It is also very good for people who have health problems that limit there ability to exercise. Before retiring I often recommend chromium for weight loss and sugar craving. I had several clients that used stevia as she recommends. Some of them loved it, a few hated the taste and wh ...more


"Most women don't want to talk about it, but you really have to set aside a specific time each day to use the bathroom," notes Judith Reichman, M.D., a professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the University of California, Los Angeles. "If you don't, it's too easy to give into feeling rushed, and ignore the urge to go." Once you've trained your brain to dismiss your body's signals, you set the stage for bloat-inducing constipation.
You can also consider the option of resistance training as well. But it is advisable to take start with some cardio and belly fat reduction exercises only. You can go for resistance training after sometime. 20–30 minutes of cardio exercises and 20–30 minutes of belly fat spot reduction exercises will make a well organized workout regime. So don’t delay begin your journey right away.
Solely doing abdominal exercises isn't going to have enough of an impact to reduce belly fat. However, this doesn't mean you shouldn't do these exercises, because they still strengthen and tone the muscles under the fat, help prevent injuries, ease lower back pain, and improve your posture and athletic performance. Exercises such as crunches on a stability ball, bicycle crunches, reverse crunches and knee raises in a captain's chair are easily incorporated into a full-body strength-training routine.

This content is strictly the opinion of the author, and is for informational and educational purposes only. It is not intended to provide medical advice or to take the place of medical advice or treatment from a personal physician. All readers of this content are advised to consult their doctors or qualified health professionals regarding specific health questions.

Wow, JJ did a fantastic job putting together all the knowledge I have been accumulating over my 53 year battle with belly fat + her brilliant analysis. Just finishing her 10 day green smoothie cleanse I will be continuing with the modified since I have another 50 lbs to lose. A large amount in belly fat! This book has made perfectly clear the cause and its remedy. Thanks JJ!
No, getting your ohm on won’t burn as many calories as a hilly run or a Barry’s Bootcamp class, but it can help blunt the secretion of cortisol, a belly-widening stress hormone. In one study, women who did 35 minutes of daily yoga for 12 weeks had less cortisol in their systems during stressful situations than women in the control group. The benefits of this are twofold: Not only can this help ward off the accumulation of belly fat, according to one Yale study, yoga can also help develop mindfulness, a skill that could help you avoid mindless eating. Never done yoga before? Many gyms host beginner classes, and there are also boutique studios that offer smaller, more personalized sessions. After you’ve got a solid foundation, you could even practice at home with the help of Prevention’s Flat Belly Yoga DVD.
Some of the hormones that may be out of whack if you have extra belly fat are estrogen, cortisol, testosterone, insulin, growth hormone and others. Getting a blood test done before you start searching for food for diet to lose belly fat could be a smart idea because it can help you to find the right combination of foods necessary to regulate your hormones.
Keeping a toothbrush handy can do more than polish up that smile (and counter the effects of all that belly-slimming garlic); brushing your teeth throughout the day can also help you ditch that belly fat fast. A study conducted a sample of over 14,000 participants found that brushing after every meal was linked to lower weight. That minty toothpaste flavor not only clashes with virtually every food, brushing may also trigger a Pavlovian response that tells your brain the kitchen’s closed.
Losing belly fat is no easy feat. It requires you to work hard and pay close attention to your daily habits. You might think that working out for hours on end is the best way to shed excess fat around your midsection, but that's not true. You can lose belly fat without exercising at all, in fact, as long as you make the right choices. Maybe you're injured and physically can't work out or you just don't have as much time to get to the gym as you used to. Either way, here are seven ways you can reduce belly fat without working out.
Get enough sleep. Sleeping doesn't burn fat on its own, but it is a crucial part of weight loss efforts. This is mainly because sleep deprivation (not getting enough sleep) makes most aspects of weight loss more difficult. When you aren't well rested, it's hard to motivate yourself to get up and move. It's also hard to control cravings: you're more likely to act on impulses to eat junk food when you're already drained of energy.[13]

Aerobic exercise is your biggest weapon against belly fat. It is the best to get rid of the deep visceral fat stored in the abdomen. And studies prove that it is even better than resistance training or weight training. So, a brisk walk or swimming should be the way out if you want a flat belly in a week. We suggest that you clock up aerobic activity for 10 minutes each spread out over the day, rather than trying to exercise vigorously for a long time at a stretch.
A 2014 Harvard study found that men who did twenty minutes of daily weight training had less of an increase in age-related abdominal fat compared with men who spent the same amount of time doing aerobic activities, and other studies have shown similar levels of success when guys hit the gym to cut down on fat. The implication: Guys can cut belly fat most efficiently with weight training.
This, along with all of the abundance of health benefits, is a great reason to adapt a smart, well rounded workout program that addresses all of the muscles in the body (upper, lower, and core) and includes strength training, various forms of cardio (particularly HIIT), and stretching/mobility workouts (typically weaved into our warm up & cool downs, these exercises are what allow you to keep working out safely). 
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