Blood vessels (veh-suls): The system of flexible tubes—arteries, capillaries and veins—that carries blood through the body. Oxygen and nutrients are delivered by arteries to tiny, thin-walled capillaries that feed them to cells and pick up waste material, including carbon dioxide. Capillaries pass the waste to veins, which take the blood back to the heart and lungs, where carbon dioxide is let out through your breath as you exhale.

1. Bicycle Crunches are a great ab exercise and work the abs from every angle. It’s a combination of the regular crunch, a side-to-side motion that hits the oblique muscles and a reverse crunch that targets the lower abs. You can change the difficulty level by increasing or decreasing the range of motion used and the speed of movement as well as the intensity of the crunch by holding and squeezing.

Make sure that you keep your arms straight through the entire movement so that you are able to get the full effects of this exercise. You can think of this as a seated crunch with a slight rotation. If you have a bad back, this exercise, like the seated helicopter rotation, will help loosen up your spine which can get very tight when you are sitting for long periods of time.
Doctors shout themselves hoarse telling their patients to get rid of belly fat – and for good reason too. After all, when belly fat expands into the abdomen and rests among your organs, it means you’re heading for some serious trouble. Abdominal fat, also called visceral fat, releases the stress hormone cortisol and certain inflammatory substances known as cytokines that affect the body’s normal production of insulin. This results in not just obesity but it opens the floodgates to serious medical conditions like Type 2 diabetes and heart disease.

This is what you call the rolling plank exercise. Lie down on the mat or floor sideways. Support your body on right elbow and right leg. The elbow should then be perpendicular to your shoulder and your left leg should be above your right leg, making sure they are together. Keep the knees straight. The hips should also not be touching the ground. Hold this posture for about 30 seconds. Once you are comfortable, you can hold this position for about one to two minutes.
Keep your portions under control when you eat away from home. Controlling portions at home when you sit down for a meal is often easier than at a restaurant, where portions sizes for one meal often contain the recommended calories for one person for an entire day, or at a friend's house, where you cannot control what goes into the meal. Luckily, there are a few things you can do to control your portion size in places where you don't have perfect control over your food:[23]
You don't have to get out of your desk chair to engage your abs and work on a flatter stomach. Throughout the day, squeeze your abs in as if you're pulling them back toward your spine and then hold that position for 10 seconds. Slowly release your abs and repeat until you've completed 10 reps. Incorporating this simple technique three times throughout your work day will not only strengthen and flatten your stomach muscles, but will improve your posture as you sit in your work chair.
Sit up straight and move toward the edge of the chair. Place your feet in front of you. Raise your hands touching the sides of your head. To perform the exercise, lift one knee while touching it with the opposite elbow, right elbow with to left knee, and do the same step on the other side: left elbow with right knee. You should feel a contraction in your lower abdominal muscles.
Doing crunches until the cows come home? Stop it! When you're down to your final inches of belly fat, the dreaded crunch won't be the exercise that finally reveals your six-pack. "You can't spot reduce," Jill says. Instead, she suggests doing functional exercises that use the muscles in your core—abdominals, back, pelvic, obliques—as well as other body parts. "These exercises use more muscles, so there is a higher rate of calorie burn while you are doing them," she says. Planks are her favorite functional exercise—they activate not just your core muscles but also your arm, leg, and butt muscles.
Drinking plenty of water is one the 12 simple tweaks for weight loss. Water play an essential part in your weight loss journey. It’s one of the easiest yet most commonly overlooked aspects of losing fat. When your body is dehydrated, it slows the metabolism and sends signals that your brain mistakes as hunger. Drinking a water will help curb your appetite much quicker and keep you from excess calories.
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As said before, measuring your waist with the tape is the easiest way to check belly fat. Measure your torso at the level of your navel. As per the official guidelines, measure your abdomen from just above the hip bone or the iliac crest, just where it intersects the line dropping down from the middle of the right armpit. Breathe normally while taking the measurement, and don’t hold the measuring tape too tight against the skin. Those with a waist size more than 33 inches are at risk of developing chronic heart disease.

Want a flatter stomach in two seconds? Stand up straight! Slouching emphasizes belly rolls but straightening your spine elongates your whole body, making you look taller and sleeker. Want to go even flatter for a picture? Use the old modeling trick and arch your back slightly—this will pull your skin tighter across your stomach while moving it farther away from the camera, making it look slightly smaller. Yeah, it’s a temporary fix but good posture offers many health benefits beyond looking good.
Never thought that drinking a lot of water would be on this list? It is, actually! When you’re drinking a lot of water you’ll eat less, especially if you’re drinking before meals. Cutting soda drinks and replacing them with water will also show great long-term progress. According to a study, drinking about half a liter of water before every meal will significantly help you reduce your calorie intake during the day.
A sedentary lifestyle is one of the major causes of occurrence of belly fat. If you don’t indulge in any physical activity, and spend most of the time sitting, watching T.V., reading, etc., it is known as a sedentary lifestyle. Lack of regular exercise, or not exercising at all can lead to fat storage around the belly area. In other words, being a couch potato will make you fat.
If you drink alcohol on a regular basis, this will contribute to weight gain. A little alcohol, in moderation, is OK, but if you are drinking every day, expect to pile on the pounds! Alcohol contains many calories and our bodies will process the energy in alcohol before digesting food, which is why drinking with a meal will almost always lead to fat. Beer is a big problem for men, and yes, these rules are the same as any you will see on how to lose a beer gut.

Are you finding it difficult to fit into your little black number? Is belly fat giving you sleepless nights? If your answer is yes, you need to make some lifestyle changes to get the figure of your dreams. No doubt, belly fat looks aesthetically displeasing. It can assume serious proportions and affect long term health, if not curbed at the right time.
2. Decline Bench Sit Up Ceiling Touches: This great exercise works on your shoulder, abs and lower back. Sit on the bench with the weight on your lap. As you move backwards, lock your arms and raise the weight above your body. Touch your back to the bench and use your abs to sit up. As you sit up you should keep your arms and weight pointed to the ceiling.

"Refined grains like white bread, crackers, and chips, as well as refined sugars in sweetened drinks and desserts increase inflammation in our bodies," says Patton. "Belly fat is associated with inflammation, so eating too many processed foods will hinder your ability to lose belly fat." Natural foods like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains are full of antioxidants, which have anti-inflammatory properties and may therefore actually prevent belly fat, Patton says.
So many people love to eat cheese. If you’re any of those than replace normal cheese with cheddar cheese. Cheddar cheese are very low in caloric content (around 113 calories a slice) as compared to normal cheese slice and contains around 7 grams of protein. A very good option to consider in your daily routine diet for sure. You can add a slice of cheddar cheese to your chicken breast sandwich, this way you can enjoy both the sandwich and cheese too.
‘When you’re frazzled, your body increases its production of steroids and stress hormones, which negatively affect your digestive system, causing major constipation,’ says Dr. Reichman. And as if that weren’t enough to leave you looking pouchy, stress also amps up the production of cortisol, the ‘fight or flight’ hormone that sends excess fat directly to your midsection in its attempt to protect your vital organs. To minimise tension, Dr. Reichman advises taking 20 minutes a day to relax. 
"One of the hardest parts of losing weight is maintaining the lifestyle changes you’ve made. It’s difficult to stay motivated all the time, especially if you’ve slipped up along the way. But don’t let this affect your end goal. If you’re feeling particularly unmotivated, ask a friend to join you for your workout and then afterwards cook something healthy for dinner together."
Keeping a toothbrush handy can do more than polish up that smile (and counter the effects of all that belly-slimming garlic); brushing your teeth throughout the day can also help you ditch that belly fat fast. A study conducted a sample of over 14,000 participants found that brushing after every meal was linked to lower weight. That minty toothpaste flavor not only clashes with virtually every food, brushing may also trigger a Pavlovian response that tells your brain the kitchen’s closed.
Try cooking with coconut oil. It is high in healthy fats called medium chain triglycerides that boost fat burning and increase mental clarity. These fats have been shown to boost metabolism by 120 calories per day while reducing your appetite. A study done by the researchers at the University of Cambridge suggested that consuming three teaspoons of coconut oil every day may actually lower the risk of heart disease and stroke. This study debunks the earlier findings that indicated coconut oil is unhealthy.
If you don't lift weights, you won't see your abs, Swan says. To get hard abs fast, focus on full-body moves using hefty loads: weighted squats and dead lifts, push-ups, ball slams. "For one, ab tightening is baked into every rep as you brace your core to work through the move," she says. "And the bigger the move, the bigger the calorie burn." A lot bigger. Research published in the journal ACSM: Health and Fitness found that compound exercises can elevate your burn for up to 72 hours postworkout and have a particularly potent effect on subcutaneous fat because they spike hormones that help ferry ab flab into your furnace.
This is probably the fastest and most efficient way to lose some belly fats. So, what is HIIT?, And how can it help you reduce your belly fat layer? Well, to cut it short, HIIT is an intense short period exercise that usually doesn’t exceed 30 minutes, with short recovery periods. Its times are dependable on your fitness level, a typical HIIT session usually varies between 15 to 30 minutes.
In addition to drinking plenty of water while at work, you'll also benefit from an afternoon tea. You can set the tea on your desk and sip it between phone calls. Ginger tea is an excellent choice. It not only calms the stomach, but also contains compounds that move the lunch you ate earlier through your GI tract. If you'd rather, you can sip on a cup of peppermint tea instead. The peppermint eases digestion and reduces bloating, which leaves you with a flatter-looking tummy.
Sleeping early has a number of benefits. Early sleepers are less likely to overeat. Eating right and exercising will give you a flat belly only if you’re getting enough sleep. We know now for a fact that getting less sleep can jack up the levels of the stress hormone ‘cortisol’, which increases fat storage around one’s midriff. It has also been linked to increasing the levels of deep abdominal fat.
Drink lots of water: Many of us are chronically dehydrated. The amount of water each of us needs to drink for optimal health varies widely - even on an individual, daily basis - but a general rule of thumb is that your urine should be very light yellow or almost clear. Many things (vitamins, medication, health conditions, etc) can effect this so it's always best to talk to your doctor about what might work best for your specific health.
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